Understanding Types of Text

Text can be classified into several types. The term of ‘type’ is sometime stated as ‘genre’. These types of text are;

  1. Analytical Exposition
  2. Anecdote
  3. Descriptive
  4. Narrative
  5. Procedure
  6. News Items
  7. Discussion
  8. Explanation
  9. Hortatory Exposition
  10. Report
  11. Spoof
  12. Recount
  13. Review

These classification on type of text are based on analysis of three main elements of text. These elements of text are:

The purpose of the text; why is the text made?, what is text made for by its writer

The generic structure of the text; analyzing the used structure in composing the text, in what way is the text constructed by its writer.

The language feature; taking a look at the linguistic characterizations of the text, what kind of language feature is used to build the text by its writer.


About geckhaskempek

GEC -Global English Club- is extracurricular of MA KHAS Kempek Cirebon West Java Indonesia with vision "Be Intellectual by English".
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